• Ingestion of Kombucha: black tea fermented in a yeast-bacteria medium


  • Purported Effects
    • Antioxidation
    • Detoxification
    • Energizing Potencies
    • Promotion of Depressed Immunity

Adverse Effects

Rheumatologic Adverse Effects

  • Jo1 Antibody-Positive Myositis (see xxxx, [[xxxx]]) [MEDLINE]: has been reported

Renal Adverse Effects

  • Lactic Acidosis (see Lactic Acidosis, [[Lactic Acidosis]]) [MEDLINE]: has been reported in association with hyperthermia and acute renal failure occurring within 15 hrs of Kombucha tea ingestion

Other Adverse Effects

  • xxx
  • xxx


  • Unexplained severe illness possibly associated with consumption of Kombucha tea–Iowa, 1995. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 1995 Dec 8;44(48):892-3, 899-900 [MEDLINE]
  • A case of anti-Jo1 myositis with pleural effusions and pericardial tamponade developing after exposure to a fermented Kombucha beverage. Derk CT, et al. Clin Rheumatol. 2004 [MEDLINE]
  • A case of Kombucha tea toxicity. J Intensive Care Med. 2009 May-Jun [MEDLINE]
  • Current evidence on physiological activity and expected health effects of kombucha fermented beverage. VÄ«na I, et al. J Med Food. 2014 [MEDLINE]