Etiology of Formaldehyde Exposure

  • Smoke Inhalation (see Smoke Inhalation, [[Smoke Inhalation]])
  • Disinfectant
  • Embalming
  • Paper and Photographic Industries
  • Insulators
  • Textile Workers
  • Laboratories



  • Ingestion: xxx
  • Inhalation: xxx

Mechanism of Injury

  • Mechanism of Injury: direct irritation of mucous membranes and skin

Formaldehyde Metabolism

  • xxx

Clinical Manifestations of Formaldehyde Ingestion

Renal Manifestations

Elevated Osmolal Gap (see Serum Osmolality, [[Serum Osmolality]])

  • Physiology: xxxx
  • Diagnosis

Clinical Manifestations of Formaldehyde Inhalation

Pulmonary Manifestations

Clinical Manifestations of Dermal Exposure

Dermatologic Manifestations

Clinical Manifestations of Ocular Exposure

Ophthalmologic Manifestations

  • Ocular Irritation


  • xxx