Euphorbia Tirucalli (Firestick, Pencil Cactus, Pencil Tree, Aveloz, Indian Tree Spurge, Naked Lady, Sticks on Fire, Milk Bush)



  • Spurge Plant: produces irritating white milky sap (latex)
    • Spurge is derived from the Middle English/Old French espurge (“to purge”): plant’s sap was historically used as a purgative

Clinical Manifestations-Skin Exposure to Sap

Dermatologic Manifestations

  • Irritant Contact Dermatitis (see Contact Dermatitis, [[Contact Dermatitis]]): with sap contact to skin

Clinical Manifestations-Ingestion

Gastroenterologic Manifestations

  • Diarrhea (see Diarrhea, [[Diarrhea]]): with ingestion of plant
  • Nausea/Vomiting (see Nausea and Vomiting, [[Nausea and Vomiting]]): with ingestion of plant


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