Urinary Tract Infection


Epidemiology

Sex and Age-Related Factors Associated with UTI

Factors Suggesting “Complicated” UTI


Etiology


Physiology

Route/Mechanism of Urinary Tract Infection


Diagnosis

Urinalysis

Urine Gram Stain

Urine Culture

Imaging Studies


Clinical Presentations

Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

Acute Cystitis

Emphysematous Cystitis

Acute Pyelonephritis

Emphysematous Pyelonephritis

Complications


Treatment

Acute Cystitis

Oral (PO) Antibiotics

Intravenous (IV) Antibiotics (usually not required for acute cystitis, unless concomitant acute pyelonephritis is present)

Emphysematous Cystitis

Acute Pyelonephritis

Oral (PO) Antibiotics

Intravenous (IV) Antibiotics

Emphysematous Pylelonephritis

Treatment Duration

Urinary Tract Analgesic

Treatment of Pre-Operative Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

Treatment of Pre-Operative Symptomatic UTI

Management of Staphylococcus Aureus Bacteriuria


Prognosis


References