Intraosseous Vascular Access


Burns (see Burns)

Clinical Efficacy

Cardiac Arrest (see Cardiac Arrest)

Clinical Efficacy

Recommendations (2010 American Heart Association Guidelines for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care) (Circulation, 2010) [MEDLINE]

Hemorrhagic Shock (see Hemorrhagic Shock)

Clinical Efficacy

Hypovolemic Shock (see Hypovolemic Shock)

Clinical Efficacy

Sepsis (see Sepsis)

Clinical Efficacy

Status Epilepticus (see Status Epilepticus)

Clinical Efficacy

Trauma (see Trauma-General)

Clinical Efficacy



Intraosseous Insertion

Utilization of Intraosseous Device

Common Commercially Available Intraosseus Access Systems


General Comments

FDA-Approved Anatomic Insertion Sites

EZ-IO Insertion

Post-Insertion of EZ-IO Needle

EZ-IO Removal

Adverse Effects/Complications of Intraosseous Vascular Access

General Comments

Dermatologic Adverse Effects

Pulmonary Adverse Effects

Rheumatologic/Orthopedic Adverse Effects

Other Adverse Effects

Adverse Effects Specifically Associated with Sternal Intraosseous Needle Insertion