Cardiac Catheterization


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Adverse Effects

General Comments

  • Incidence of arterial complications following cardiac catheterization (hematoma, pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula, arterial occlusion, cholesterol emboli syndrome) is between 1.5-9%

Cardiovascular Adverse Effects

  • Cholesterol Emboli Syndrome (see Cholesterol Emboli Syndrome, [[Cholesterol Emboli Syndrome]])
  • Femoral Artery Pseudoaneurysm
  • Femoral Arteriovenous Fistula
  • Local Hematoma
  • Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage

Rheumatologic/Orthopedic Adverse Effects

  • Acute Limb Ischemia (see Acute Limb Ischemia, [[Acute Limb Ischemia]]): lower limb arterial occlusions can occur due to intimal flaps/dissections or embolization of thrombus from the arterial sheath site


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