Copper Deficiency

  • Sideroblastic Anemia (see Anemia, [[Anemia]])

Copper Exposure

  • Epidemiology
    • Copper sulphate (CuSO4) is used for whitewashing, agriculture, and in the leather industry in India
      • Toxic in even vvery small quantities
  • Clinical
    • Hemolytic Anemia (see Hemolytic Anemia, [[Hemolytic Anemia]]): due to chemical injury to RBC
    • Methemoglobinemia
    • Renal failure
    • Hepatotoxicity
    • Rhabdomyolysis
    • Death

Copper Dust or Fume Inhalation

  • Acute Lung Injury-ARDS (see Acute Lung Injury-ARDS, [[Acute Lung Injury-ARDS]])
    • Epidemiology: case report associated with copper dust inhalation
  • Metal Fume Fever (see Metal Fume Fever, [[Metal Fume Fever]])
    • Epidemiology: limited evidence that copper fume inhalation may cause metal fume fever


  • Copper-Induced Acute Hemolytic Anemia: A New Complication of Hemodialysis. September 1, 1970 vol. 73 no. 3 409-412
  • Copper sulphate induced hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. The Internet Journal of Hematology. 2009 Volume 5 Number 2