Corticosteroids

Indications

Inhaled

Systemic


Pharmacology

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Administration

Inhaled Corticosteroids

Nasal Topical Corticosteroids

Ocular Corticosteroids

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Oral Corticosteroids with Poor Oral Absorption

Systemic Intravenous (IV) Corticosteroids

Systemic Oral Corticosteroids

Topical Corticosteroids

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Adverse Effects of Systemic Corticosteroids

Cardiovascular

  • Altered Serum Lipoproteins
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Hypertension (see Hypertension, [[Hypertension]])

Dermatologic

  • Acne
  • Alopecia (see Alopecia, [[Alopecia]])
  • Cushingoid Apperance
  • Hirsutism (see Hirsutism, [[Hirsutism]])
  • Hypertrichosis
  • Purpura (see Purpura, [[Purpura]])
  • Skin Thinning
  • Striae (see Striae, [[Striae]])

Endocrine

Gastrointestinal

Infectious Disease

  • Herpes Zoster (see Varicella-Zoster Virus, [[Varicella-Zoster Virus]])
  • Increased Risk of Typical Infections
  • Opportunistic Infections

Neurologic

  • Akathisia (see Akathisia, [[Akathisia]])
  • Euphoria
  • Delirium (see Delirium, [[Delirium]])
  • Dysphoria/Depression
  • Myopathy (see Myopathy, [[Myopathy]])
  • Pseudotumor Cerebri
  • Psychosis (see Psychosis, [[Psychosis]])

Ophthalmologic

  • Elevated Intraocular Pressure/Glaucoma (see Glaucoma, [[Glaucoma]])
  • Exophthalmos
  • Posterior Subcapsular Cataracts

Orthopedic

  • Avascular Necrosis
  • Osteoporosis (see Osteoporosis, [[Osteoporosis]])

Renal

  • Hypokalemia (see Hypokalemia, [[Hypokalemia]])
  • Fluid Shifts

Reproductive

  • Amenorrhea/Infertility (see Amenorrhea, [[Amenorrhea]])
  • Intrauterine Growth Retardation

References

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